When Cotton Was King – part 2

This is where you can watch part 2 of Brian Healey’s study day on When Cotton Was King. You can also test yourself with a quiz to check what you have remembered (no pressure, just click the answer button to see if you were right) and at the bottom of the page is a reading list that Brian has kindly provided.

If you missed part 1 of Brian’s talk here is the link to see it now: https://youtu.be/RkIjyM4Tn_g. When you have viewed it you can take the quiz below.


1.From which country was the art of weaving allegedly first introduced to Manchester?

Flanders (Belgium)

2.Which  one of these brought Greek revival style to Manchester for the first time? 
              Charles Cockerell
              Francis Goodwin
              Thomas Harrison
              Richard Lane


3. Find the odd man out!
             Ford Madox Brown
             Alfred Waterhouse 
             Thomas Worthington
             Edward Walters

Ford Madox Brown

4. How many “orders” of Venetian archway did Ruskin identify?


5. Can you name either of the two  seminal works on architecture  published by Ruskin? (mentioned in part 1 – “From Warehouse to Palazzo”

The Seven Lamps of Architecture  & The Stones of Venice

6. Stuart and Revett were:
              important Manchester cotton merchants
              architectural historians and publicists
              architects  of the Albert memorial
              architects of the Manchester Free Trade movement

Architectural historians

7. Which architect introduced  the “Palazzo” style to Manchester?

Charles Barry

8. Who designed Manchester’s gothic (second) Town Hall?

Alfred Waterhouse

9. What was his most important London commission?

The Natural History Museum

10. In which building did the TUC congress hold its first meeting?

The Mechanics Institute

11. What gift  did King William 1V make to the Manchester Royal Institution?

Copies of the Elgin Marbles

12. Who was Sir Benjamin Heywood? Select:
                 A prominent banker
                 A prominent cotton producer
                 A prominent architect
                 A prominent mayor

A banker

13. Which  famous canal runs into the Castlefield basin?

The Bridgewater

14. Manchester’s oldest surviving warehouse is: (select)
              Merchants Warehouse
              Middle Warehouse
              Dale Street Warehouse
              Watts Warehouse

Dale Street

15.    Where would you find the ionic colonnade from the old Town Hall?

Heaton Park

16.    Name one famous person who worshipped at the Friends Meeting House

Richard Lane/Alfred Waterhouse/ John Dalton/George Bradshaw

17.  Who was Manchester’s most prolific neo-classical architect?  Was it:
               Sir Charles Barr
               Sir Francis Goodwin
               Richard Lane
               Edward Salomons

Richard Lane

18.  Which famous building  by Edward Walters best illustrates the “Palazzo” Style?

The Free Trade Hall

19.   Which sex are allegorical figures  almost always depicted as,  male or female?


20. Where could you have found  the “largest room in the world”?

The Royal  (Cotton)  Exchange

21. The Free Trade movement gained momentum in response to the distress caused by which law?

The Corn Law

22. Many Manchester men supported the movement  to change the way MPs were elected. Can you name the building that Edward Salomons designed for them?

The Reform Club

23. The  former Gentleman’s Concert Hall stood on the site of another important building that still exists. Which one?

The Midland hotel

24. J & S  Watts  & Co. can be considered the forerunner of which iconic Manchester department store?


25. Raw and finished cotton left the warehouse via a special loading bay. What was it called?

A Hovel

Scores: 20-25 Brilliant – you are the finest Jacquard!
              15-20 Satisfactory – you’d  certainly make a decent sheet
              0-15- Disappointing…but maybe good enough for an Indian dhouttie!


When Cotton was King, the Architectural Legacy of Central Manchester

I have highlighted in BOLD  works I would particularly recommend.



Clark, K 2001 Informed Conservation: Understanding Historic Buildings and Their Landscapes for Conservation. London: English Heritage

Cooper, A V 1991 ‘The Manchester Commercial Textile Warehouse, 1780-1914: A Study of its Typology and Practical Development’. Unpublished PhD thesis, Manchester Polytechnic in collaboration with Manchester School of Architecture

English Heritage 2001 Enabling Development and the Conservation of Heritage Assets. London: English Heritage

Farnie, D A 1979 The English Cotton Industry and the World Market 1815-1896. Oxford: Clarendon Press

Fitzgerald, R S 1980 Liverpool Road Station, Manchester:An Historical and Archaeological Survey. Manchester: Manchester University Press in association with the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England

Hartwell, C 2001 Manchester (Pevsner Architectural Guides). London: Penguin Books Kidd, A 1993 Manchester. Keele: Keele University Press  (some very cheap second hand copies available on Amazon)

McNeil, R and George, A D 1997 The Heritage Atlas 3 :Warehouse Album. Manchester: The Field Archaeology Centre, University of Manchester

Nevell, M and Walker, J 2001 Portland Basin and the Archaeology of the Canal Warehouse. Manchester: Manchester Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council with the University of Manchester Archaeology Unit

Parkinson-Bailey, J J 2000 Manchester:An architectural history. Manchester: Manchester University Press  (second hand copies available on Amazon as well as new)

Jonathon Schofield: Manchester Lost and Imagined – Amazon (some second hand copies available)