Christmas quiz

For each question if you click the word, “Answer” then it will be revealed.

Let’s start with some questions about artists’ materials …..

1. Ultramarine, a very expensive pigment, is made from lapis lazuli.  In the 15th century it was sourced exclusively from one country – which?
(a) Uzbekistan     (b) Persia                  (c) Afghanistan

Answer

2. Canaletto was among the first artists to use a new blue pigment.  What was it?
(a) Azurite       (b) Prussian blue          (c) Cobalt blue

Answer

3.  Renoir’s son said that without paint in tubes there would have been no Impressionist painters.  When did Winsor & Newton first begin to sell commercially manufactured paints in metal tubes?
(a) 1830s         (b)  1840s       (c)  1850s

Answer

4.  Artists such as Van Eyck, Memling and Holborn painted on panels of wood.  Which wood?
(a)  Baltic oak  (b) English oak                       (c) Poplar

Answer

5.  Cennino Cennini, in his Craftsman’s Handbook of the 15th century, suggests that the finest paint brushes are made from the hair of which animal?
(a) domestic hog          (b) horse          (c) red squirrel

Answer

6.  Acrylic paint is now widely used in paintings.  When was it first introduced into the artist’s palette?
(a) 1930s         (b) 1950s         (c) 1960s

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Now some questions about artists’ lives ……

7.  Visiting an exhibition and looking at the paintings, a famous art critic publicly accused an artist of ‘flinging a pot of paint in the public’s face’.
Who was the art critic?  (a) Andrew Graham-Dixon  (b) John Ruskin   (c)  Will Gompertz
Who was the artist?       (A) James McNeill Whistler  (B) Damien Hurst  (C)  Jackson Pollack

Answer

8.  Berthe Morisot, who exhibited in seven out of the eight Impressionist Exhibitions, married the brother of which artist in 1874?
(a)  Auguste Renoir      (b) Gustave Caillebotte      (c)  Edouard Manet

Answer

9.  Which Pre-Raphaelite artist was the son of a warehouse manager and worked as an office clerk before entering the Royal Academy schools in 1844?
(a) William Holman Hunt        (b) John Everett Millais                        (c) Dante Gabriel Rossetti

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10. Which artist received a knighthood and counted an Emperor, a Pope and a Prince among his patrons?
(a)  Van Eyck              (b) Titian          (c)  Michelangelo

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11. In 1760/61, William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, was shocked to find that the distinguished artist who was painting his portrait employed drapery painters to paint his ermine robes.  Who was he?
(a) Allan Ramsay         (b) Thomas Gainsborough       (c) Joshua Reynolds

Answer

12.  Pablo Picasso spent much of his later life in France and died in Mougins in the Alpes-Maritime in 1973.  In which Spanish city was he born in 1881?
(a)  Malaga                   (b)  Madrid      (c)  Barcelona

Answer

And finally, Christmas Cards were first introduced in Britain by Henry Cole in the 1840s.  Below are some images that could be used on Christmas cards.  Can you identify the artists and put the works into date order, starting with the earliest painting? To help you on your way, here are the artists in alphabetical order:
Crivelli;  Caspar David Friedrich; Murillo; Claude Monet; Pissarro; Raeburn; John Singer Sargent; Tiepolo; Titian

Answer